BeOptimized Library


Passionate about SAS Code and Python, we stay up-to-date regarding the latest developments thanks to the SAS training, the SAS Support , the SUGI , the SAS Global Forum, SASENSEI, the SAS Belux User group or the SAS communities.

This page contains interesting papers we collected throught the Web and are used for our coaching preparations and our specific consultancy activities. Download them for free and read them where you want!!!

Publication list

The Use and Abuse of the Program Data Vector

This paper explain what is the SAS Program Data Vector and how to optimize it

The Program Data Vector As an Aid to DATA step Reasoning

In this paper advanced features of the PDV are explained

Essentials of the Program Data Vector (PDV):Directing the Aim to Understanding the DATA Step!

This paper illustrate how the PDV works behind the scenes

Reading External File using SAS

Formatted input, list input, column input(etc) is it chineese for you? This paper talk about the different kind of input method available in the SAS datastep.


This tutorial describes how PICTURE Formats work,how to write them in PROC FORMAT statements and how to apply them in both Data and Procedure Steps.

The SAS INFILE and FILE Statements

One of the most flexible features of the SAS system, is its ability to read and write just about any kind of raw file. The INFILE and FILE statements are the interfaces that connect SAS programs to those external file.

Syntax summary Base SAS certification

This document is the official syntax summary of the courses SAS Programming 1 & 2 required for the Base SAS Certification

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